From the Airport
Many tourists will arrive in Salzburg at the Salzburg W.A. Mozart International Airport. There are taxis at the airport, but it is far less expensive to just hop on the city trolley bus at the airport. This trolley will get from the airport to the city center in just 20 minutes.
The bus is very efficient and a great way to get around the city. There are both electric and gasoline buses, so eco-conscious tourists should look for the buses numbered from 1-8 if they want to take an electric bus. Tickets on the buses can be purchased from the driver, but it is less expensive to buy them in blocks of five at the bus station hubs. There are also daily, weekly and monthly bus passes available for purchase.
Salzburg is fairly small city and it is very compact. This means that getting around on foot is quite feasible. Anyone who wants to get around on foot should be sure to get a good map of the city. Those who get lost should not despair. It is easy to ask directions from Salzburg residents. They are very friendly people who will often take the time to walk tourists to their destinations. Many of them speak at least a little English, but they will appreciate any efforts tourists make to speak German.
This is probably the best way to get around the city. The small size of the city means that it is possible to get around most of it very quickly using a bike. There are plenty of bike rental places throughout the city. Be sure to lock up the bicycle to prevent theft. The city is very bicycle-friendly, and there are more than 100 km of bike paths for riders to enjoy. Riding along the bike paths on the river is particularly lovely.
There are not a lot of taxis in the city. It is almost impossible to hail one. There will be taxis waiting at the train station and the airport, but anyone that wants a taxi in another area of the city will need to call a cab company.
Rent a Car
There are a few car rental companies at the airport, but Salzburg is small enough that renting a car is generally not necessary. However, it can be a good idea for those who want to get out and explore the countryside around Salzburg.